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CATTI英语笔译综合词汇学习44

标签:英语,笔译,综合,词汇,词汇学,学习 发布时间:2020年08月17日 点击88
2020-08-10

  试题摘自CATTI指定教材《英语笔译综合能力2级》河南人事考试网站seo公司,诠释及例句源自牛津词典和柯林斯词典。

  形近词辨析:

  scuff; scuffle; cuff

  1. scuff  

  ①~ sth (on sth) to make a mark on the smooth surface of sth when you rub it against sth rough 磨损;磨坏

  例:I scuffed the heel of my shoe on the stonework.

  我的鞋跟儿给铺好的石头磨坏了。

  ②~ your feet, heels, etc. to drag your feet along the ground as you walk 拖着脚走

  例:Polly, bewildered and embarrassed, dropped her head and scuffed her feet.

  波莉既疑心又难堪,低下头拖着脚走开了。

  派生词:scuffed adj.

  例:After only one day, his shoes were already scuffed and dirty.

  只一天,他的鞋就穿脏磨坏了。

  2. scuffle 

  V①~ (with sb) (of two or more people 两人或多人之间) to fight or struggle with each other for a short time, in a way that is not very serious (短暂而不紧张地)扭打,冲突,争斗

  例:She scuffled with photographers as she left her hotel.

  在脱离所住的旅馆时,她和一些摄影记者发生了冲突。

  ②[+ 副词或介词短语] to move quickly making a quiet rubbing noise 窸窸窣窣地疾行

  例:Some animal was scuffling in the bushes.

  有只动物在灌木丛中窸窸窣窣地穿行。

  N.~ (with sb) a short and not very violent fight or struggle (短时间与某人的)小扭打,冲突

  例:Scuffles broke out between police and demonstrators.

  警察和示威者之间发生了冲突。

  3. cuff  

  V[动词 + 名词短语] to hit sb quickly and lightly with your hand, especially in a way that is not serious 用手轻快地拍(某人)

  例:She cuffed him lightly around his head.

  她轻轻地在他头上拍了几下。

  N.①[可数名词] the end of a coat or shirt sleeve at the wrist 袖口

  例:a collar and cuffs of white lace

  带白色蕾丝花边的衣领和袖口

  ②[可数名词] a light hit with an open hand 用掌轻拍

  例:to give sb a friendly cuff

  友爱地轻轻拍某人一下

  相干短语:

  off the cuff

  (of speaking, remarks, etc. 讲话、话语等) without previous thought or preparation 未经思考(或预备);即兴

  I'm just speaking off the cuff here─I haven't seen the results yet.

  我只是在这里即兴说说而已金王子驾驶室,我还没看到效果呢。

  an off-the-cuff remark

  即席谈话

  短语积累:

  1. brood over/on/about sth

  to think a lot about sth that makes you annoyed, anxious or upset 焦虑,忧思(使人讨厌、担忧或不安的事)

  例:You're not still brooding over what he said, are you?

  你不是还在为他的话怏怏不乐吧?

  2. out of gear

  (of emotions or situations 情绪或形势) (to become) out of control 失去控制

  例:She said nothing in case her temper slipped out of gear.

  她什么都没说,免得按捺不住情绪。

  3. butter up

  try to please sb奉承;巴结;讨好=flatter

  例:The bank has to butter up investors because it is in a fiercely competitive market...

  因为市场竞争激烈,银行不得不去讨好投资者。

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