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CATTI英语笔译综合词汇学习 65重点词汇讲解以及形近词辨析

标签:英语,笔译,综合,词汇,词汇学,学习,重点,讲解,以及 发布时间:2020年10月29日 点击95
2020-10-28

  词汇及词组摘自CATTI指定教材《英语笔译综合能力2级》,诠释及例句源来自牛津高阶英汉双解词典(简体) 第 8 版

  sloppy 

  ①that shows a lack of care, thought or effort 纰漏的;凌乱的;草率的

  sloppy thinking不认真的思考

  例:Your work is sloppy.你的工作做得不认真。

  a sloppy worker干活纰漏的人

  ②(of clothes 衣服 ) loose and without much shape 肥大而难看的

  例:a sloppy T-shirt 宽大松垮的T 恤衫

  ③ ( informal) ( especially BrE) romantic in a silly or embarrassing way  卑鄙伤感的

  例:a sloppy love story 卑鄙伤感的爱情故事

  ④containing too much liquid 太稀的

  例:Don't make the mixture too sloppy. 别调得太稀。( informal)

  She gave him a big sloppy kiss. 她伸开湿乎乎的嘴唇狠狠地亲了他一口。

  vigilant 

  ( formal) very careful to notice any signs of danger or trouble

  警觉的;小心的;警戒的;郑重

  例:A pilot must remain vigilant at all times.

  遨游飞翔员必须随时保持小心。

  Venomous  

  ① (of a snake, etc. 蛇等 ) producing venom

  分泌毒液的;有毒的

  ②( formal) full of bitter feeling or hatred

  恶毒的;恶意的;充满仇恨的

  例:a venomous look恶狠狠的样子

  capricious  

  ①showing sudden changes in attitude or behaviour

  (态度或举动)反覆无常的;任性的

  ②changing suddenly and quickly 转变无常的;变幻莫测的;多变的

  例:a capricious climate

  转变无常的天气

  Prescient  

  formal) knowing or appearing to know about things before they happen

  预知的;预言家的

  例:...'Bob Roberts', an eerily prescient comedy about a populist multimillionaire political candidate.

  《天生赢家》,一部关于一位拥稀有万万家财的平民党政治候选人的怪诞预言性笑剧

  形近词辨析

  1. earthy & earthly

  earthy  

  ① concerned with the body, sex, etc. in an open and direct way that some people find rude or embarrassing 粗俗的;卑鄙的;不高雅的

  例:an earthy sense of humour粗俗的诙谐感

  ② of or like earth or soil 土壤的;土壤似的;有土壤气息的earthy colours土壤的颜色

  earthly 

  ①( literary) connected with life on earth and not with any spiritual life 人间的;尘世的;世俗的

  例:the sorrows of this earthly life

  今生今世的不幸

  ②( often used in questions and negatives for emphasis 常用于疑问句或否定句以增强语气 ) possible 可能的

  例:There's no earthly reason why you shouldn't go.

  你完全没有理由不去。

  What earthly difference is my opinion going to make?

  我的意见会有什么作用呢?

  He didn't have an earthly chance of getting the job.

  他根本就不可能得到这份工作。

  2. fatal & fateful

  fatal  

  ①causing or ending in death 致命的

  例:a fatal accident/blow/illness

  致命的事故╱一击╱疾病

  a potentially fatal form of cancer

  潜在致死型癌症

  ②causing disaster or failure 灾祸性的;毁灭性的;导致失败的

  例:a fatal error/mistake灾祸性的错误

  Any delay would be fatal.

  任何延误都可能导致失败。

  There was a fatal flaw in the plan.

  计划中有一个致命的缺陷

  fateful  

  [usually before noun ] having an important, often very bad, effect on future events 对将来有庞大(负面)影响的

  例:She looked back now to that fateful dayin December.

  她如今回顾十二月里那决定性的一天。

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